HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
Why vaccinate adults against human papillomavirus?
- In the US, there are 79 million individuals infected with HPV, with more than 14 million new infections annually
- At least half of sexually active adults will be infected with HPV in their lifetime
- 80% of women will be infected by age 50
- There are approximately 11,000 cases of cervical cancer in the US each year, most of which are due to HPV
- In addition to cervical cancer, HPV cause other genital cancers, and mouth and throat cancers
Which adults need the HPV vaccine?
Did you know...
- Females up to age 26 who were not fully vaccinated (three doses) as adolescents
- Males up to age 21 who were not fully vaccinated (three doses) as adolescents
- Males may be vaccinated up to age 26
HPV is responsible for about 70 percent of all cases of cervical cancer?
What happens when someone gets HPV?
- Most people with HPV will not have any long-term effects, but some will get cancer
- HPV causes 70 percent of all cervical cancers
- HPV causes cancer of the anus, penis, mouth and throat cancers
Why is the HPV vaccine important?
FAQ: Since most people who get cancer are older, why can’t we wait and give the vaccine later in life?
- HPV vaccines protect against 70 percent of cervical cancers and 90 percent of genital warts
- The HPV vaccine prevents infection with HPV strains that cause cancer of the anus, penis, mouth, and throat
- There is no cure for HPV and although HPV will not cause serious illness for most people, there is no way to predict who will develop cancer because of the virus
Most HPV infections occur in the teen years and once you have it, there is no way to cure it. The best way to avoid the infection is to get the full vaccine series before the start of any sexual activity.
As of October 2016, CDC recommends 11 to 12 year olds get two doses of HPV vaccine—rather than the previously recommended three doses—to protect against cancers caused by HPV. The second dose should be given 6-12 months after the first dose. View additional information
on the updated CDC recommendations.